数据库性能问题导致应用单次SQL效率10ms变为10s

昨日,同事发来一则微信反馈前一天晚应用SQL查询缓慢,原本10ms内能完成的查询SQL在一时间段内:19号22:10到22:45突然执行效率下降到10分钟,然而在22:45后自动恢复正常,想分析一下根因。数据库为一套2节点RAC,Linux -x86 数据库版本为11.2.0.4。

有了明确的时间段,登录到数据库内看看到底这个期间产生了什么性能问题?

数据库DB_TIME、活动会话数与应用反馈的时间基本吻合,从22点10分开始,数据库中的Active_Session数量开始飙升,并且数据库活动会话基本都被Library Cache Lock与Cursor Pin S wait on X等待事件所阻塞。

故障时间段内Top Event百分比

从ASH中看,活动会话最早被节点1的4327会话所阻塞,并且等待的是LIBRARY CACHE LOCK,随后,开始出现sql尝试软解析,遭遇Cursor pin s wait on x,且被节点1的2060会话所阻塞

我们看一下4237与2060在故障期间在干什么?

4327这个会话为oracle auto_task的sql auto tunning advisor job,并且他持有了Library Cache Lock Handle “0x1f9bc9bb98″导致了会话3877想以Mode=3(X)独占模式持有Library Cache Lock不成功,被阻塞。
2060为正常的应用会话,并且同样等待LIBRARY CACHE LOCK,没有阻塞者,这是一个奇怪的现象

但是2060会话在systemstate dump的trace文件中找到阻塞者,同样被4327会话阻塞

从相同时间段的systemstate dump trace文件中看到,2060会话在等待library cache lock,申请的同样是0x1f9bc9bb98的Library Cache Lock Handle (Mode=2(s) 共享模式),虽然没有Dump出2060的阻塞者,但是从申请的Handle上可以推断,都是被4327会话sql auto tunning advisor job阻塞。

分析结论: 此时间段确实为oracle autotask作业的时间窗口,但是job会话并不会长时间持有Library Cache Lock,这个会话当时在等待db file scattered read,数据库当时物理读非常高并且io链路上没有明显异常,异常点1:此JOB作业长时间持有LIBRARY CACHE LOCK不释放且JOB涉及的SQL造成物理读很高,异常点2:内存lock与Mutex争用又会导致cpu Idle低,从而进一步导致io无法调度完成,造成会话JOB工作效率下降,从而没有及时的释放LIBRARY CACHE LOCK的可能性会加大,这些都是非常不正常的行为,所以我决定disable sql tunning advisor功能,规避此问题再次发生。

DataGuard 切换流程梳理(二)-Broker fiailover

DG Failover一般作为数据库主库故障的应急处理,不保证备库数据完整性,请谨慎选择。

Failover之后不存在主库、备库关系。如主库可启动到Mount阶段,可在主库执行alter system flush redo to ‘备库’;确保主库online redo log内容同步到备库节点,最大限度上保证Failover前后数据不丢失。

主库已发生故障,且不可恢复,启动failover应急手段处理:
[ora11g@]$ dgmgrl
DGMGRL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production

Copyright (c) 2000, 2009, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Welcome to DGMGRL, type "help" for information.
DGMGRL> connect sys
Password:
Connected.
DGMGRL> show configuration

Configuration - DG_Config

  Protection Mode: MaxPerformance
  Databases:
    ora1436b    - Primary database
    ora1436bstd - Physical standby database

Fast-Start Failover: DISABLED

Configuration Status:
ORA-01034: ORACLE not available
ORA-16625: cannot reach database "ora1436b"
DGM-17017: unable to determine configuration status

DGMGRL> show database ora1436bstd

Database - ora1436bstd

  Role:            PHYSICAL STANDBY
  Intended State:  APPLY-ON
  Transport Lag:   0 seconds (computed 105 seconds ago)
  Apply Lag:       0 seconds (computed 105 seconds ago)
  Apply Rate:      49.00 KByte/s
  Real Time Query: OFF
  Instance(s):
    ORA1436B

  Database Warning(s):
    ORA-16857: standby disconnected from redo source for longer than specified threshold

Database Status:
WARNING

--执行failover操作:
DGMGRL> failover to ora1436bstd
Performing failover NOW, please wait...
Failover succeeded, new primary is "ora1436bstd"

确认备库v$database视图 database_role是否为“primary ”并且观察alert日志是否出现异常报错信息。

ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2] 故障案例一则

上周末,一套RAC生产库实例1 alert日志中出现大量ORA-00600报错,触发了监控报警,当时值班人员重启数据库实例后恢复。实例重启应急操作过程中正常一致性关闭未果,而是kill lgwr进程得以让实例终止。

Sat Feb 08 02:34:03 2020
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p000_166150.trc  (incident=193747):
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Incident details in: /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/incident/incdir_193747/Travelskydba1_p000_166150_i193747.trc
 Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
 See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p000_166150.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p000_166150.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Sat Feb 08 02:34:05 2020
 Dumping diagnostic data in directory=[cdmp_20200208023405], requested by (instance=1, osid=166150 (P000)), summary=[incident=193747].
 Sat Feb 08 02:34:05 2020
 Sweep [inc][193747]: completed
 Sweep [inc2][193747]: completed
 Sat Feb 08 02:36:14 2020
 ALTER SYSTEM ARCHIVE LOG
 Sat Feb 08 02:36:14 2020
 Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 29734 (LGWR switch)
   Current log# 2 seq# 29734 mem# 0: +DG_REDO/Travelskydba/onlinelog/group_2.258.975692641
   Current log# 2 seq# 29734 mem# 1: +DG_REDO/Travelskydba/onlinelog/group_2.259.975692641
 Sat Feb 08 02:36:14 2020
 LNS: Standby redo logfile selected for thread 1 sequence 29734 for destination LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2
 Archived Log entry 179716 added for thread 1 sequence 29733 ID 0xd45ba67e dest 1:
 ALTER SYSTEM ARCHIVE LOG
 Sat Feb 08 02:36:25 2020
 Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 29735 (LGWR switch)
   Current log# 3 seq# 29735 mem# 0: +DG_REDO/Travelskydba/onlinelog/group_3.260.975692643
   Current log# 3 seq# 29735 mem# 1: +DG_REDO/Travelskydba/onlinelog/group_3.261.975692645
 Sat Feb 08 02:36:25 2020
 Archived Log entry 179724 added for thread 1 sequence 29734 ID 0xd45ba67e dest 1:
 Sat Feb 08 02:36:25 2020
 LNS: Standby redo logfile selected for thread 1 sequence 29735 for destination LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2
 Sat Feb 08 02:39:25 2020
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p046_192910.trc  (incident=195547):
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Incident details in: /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/incident/incdir_195547/Travelskydba1_p046_192910_i195547.trc
 Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
 See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
 Sat Feb 08 02:39:26 2020
 Dumping diagnostic data in directory=[cdmp_20200208023926], requested by (instance=1, osid=192910 (P046)), summary=[incident=195547].
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p046_192910.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p046_192910.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Sat Feb 08 02:39:26 2020
 SMON: Restarting fast_start parallel rollback
 Sat Feb 08 02:39:27 2020
 Sweep [inc][195547]: completed
 Sweep [inc2][195547]: completed
 Sat Feb 08 02:44:39 2020
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p002_190908.trc  (incident=193795):
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Incident details in: /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/incident/incdir_193795/Travelskydba1_p002_190908_i193795.trc
 Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
 See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p002_190908.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p002_190908.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Sat Feb 08 02:44:41 2020
 Dumping diagnostic data in directory=[cdmp_20200208024441], requested by (instance=1, osid=190908 (P002)), summary=[incident=193795].
 Sat Feb 08 02:44:43 2020
 Sweep [inc][193795]: completed
 Sweep [inc2][193795]: completed
 Sat Feb 08 02:50:02 2020
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p005_53435.trc  (incident=193859):
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Incident details in: /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/incident/incdir_193859/Travelskydba1_p005_53435_i193859.trc
 Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
 See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p005_53435.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p005_53435.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Sat Feb 08 02:50:03 2020
 SMON: Restarting fast_start parallel rollback
 Sat Feb 08 02:50:03 2020
 Dumping diagnostic data in directory=[cdmp_20200208025003], requested by (instance=1, osid=53435 (P005)), summary=[incident=193859].
 Sat Feb 08 02:50:04 2020
 Sweep [inc][193859]: completed
 Sweep [inc2][193859]: completed
 Sat Feb 08 02:55:15 2020
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p000_166150.trc  (incident=193748):
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Incident details in: /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/incident/incdir_193748/Travelskydba1_p000_166150_i193748.trc
 Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
 See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
 Sat Feb 08 02:55:16 2020
 Dumping diagnostic data in directory=[cdmp_20200208025516], requested by (instance=1, osid=166150 (P000)), summary=[incident=193748].
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p000_166150.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p000_166150.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Sat Feb 08 02:55:19 2020
 Sweep [inc][193748]: completed
 Sweep [inc2][193748]: completed
 Sat Feb 08 03:00:37 2020
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p005_104212.trc  (incident=193796):
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
 See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p005_104212.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p005_104212.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Sat Feb 08 03:00:37 2020
 SMON: Restarting fast_start parallel rollback
 Sat Feb 08 03:05:49 2020
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p000_166150.trc  (incident=193749):
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
 See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p000_166150.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p000_166150.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Sat Feb 08 03:11:10 2020
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p005_155132.trc  (incident=193787):
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
 See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p005_155132.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p005_155132.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Sat Feb 08 03:11:10 2020
 SMON: Restarting fast_start parallel rollback
 Sat Feb 08 03:13:29 2020
 Stopping background process CJQ0
 Sat Feb 08 03:16:22 2020
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p000_166150.trc  (incident=193750):
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
 See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p000_166150.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p000_166150.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Sat Feb 08 03:21:43 2020
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p005_17817.trc  (incident=193531):
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
 See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p005_17817.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p005_17817.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Sat Feb 08 03:21:43 2020
 SMON: Restarting fast_start parallel rollback
 Sat Feb 08 03:26:55 2020
 Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
 See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p000_166150.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p000_166150.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Sat Feb 08 03:32:15 2020
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p005_65986.trc  (incident=193491):
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
 See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p005_65986.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p005_65986.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Sat Feb 08 03:32:15 2020
 SMON: Restarting fast_start parallel rollback
 Sat Feb 08 03:36:11 2020
 ALTER SYSTEM ARCHIVE LOG
 Sat Feb 08 03:36:12 2020
 Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 29736 (LGWR switch)
   Current log# 4 seq# 29736 mem# 0: +DG_REDO/Travelskydba/onlinelog/group_4.262.975692647
   Current log# 4 seq# 29736 mem# 1: +DG_REDO/Travelskydba/onlinelog/group_4.263.975692649
 Sat Feb 08 03:36:12 2020
 LNS: Standby redo logfile selected for thread 1 sequence 29736 for destination LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2
 Sat Feb 08 03:36:13 2020
 Archived Log entry 179730 added for thread 1 sequence 29735 ID 0xd45ba67e dest 1:
 Sat Feb 08 03:36:24 2020
 ALTER SYSTEM ARCHIVE LOG
 Sat Feb 08 03:36:27 2020
 Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 29737 (LGWR switch)
   Current log# 5 seq# 29737 mem# 0: +DG_REDO/Travelskydba/onlinelog/group_5.264.975692651
   Current log# 5 seq# 29737 mem# 1: +DG_REDO/Travelskydba/onlinelog/group_5.265.975692651
 Sat Feb 08 03:36:27 2020
 LNS: Standby redo logfile selected for thread 1 sequence 29737 for destination LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2
 Archived Log entry 179738 added for thread 1 sequence 29736 ID 0xd45ba67e dest 1:
 Sat Feb 08 03:37:28 2020
 Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
 See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p000_166150.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p000_166150.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Sat Feb 08 03:39:16 2020
 Shutting down instance (immediate)
 Stopping background process SMCO
 Shutting down instance: further logons disabled
 Stopping background process QMNC
 Stopping background process MMNL
 Stopping background process MMON
 License high water mark = 375
 Sat Feb 08 03:42:48 2020
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p005_114400.trc  (incident=193539):
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Incident details in: /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/incident/incdir_193539/Travelskydba1_p005_114400_i193539.trc
 Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
 See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p005_114400.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Errors in file /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/Travelskydba/Travelskydba1/trace/Travelskydba1_p005_114400.trc:
 ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
 ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
 Sat Feb 08 03:42:49 2020
 SMON: Restarting fast_start parallel rollback


从alert日志中我们发现,基本上ORA-00600与ORA-10388成对出现,并且SMON在回滚并行进程,ORA-00600的trace文件也是并行进程-Travelskydba1_p00产生。

查看报错trace文件:

*** 2020-02-08 02:55:15.334
*** SESSION ID:(3707.19965) 2020-02-08 02:55:15.334
*** SERVICE NAME:(SYS$BACKGROUND) 2020-02-08 02:55:15.334
 
Incident 193748 created, dump file: /opt/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/ora624a/ora624a1/incident/incdir_193748/ora624a1_p000_166150_i193748.trc
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []

fatal error occurred while scanning redo
ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Error 10388 occurred while dumping log
ORA-10388: parallel query server interrupt (failure)
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Parallel Transaction recovery coordinatorcaught exception 10388

*** 2020-02-08 02:55:25.706
*** SESSION ID:(3707.19967) 2020-02-08 02:55:25.707
*** SERVICE NAME:(SYS$BACKGROUND) 2020-02-08 02:55:25.707
 
Parallel Transaction recovery coordinatorcaught exception 10388
DDE: Problem Key 'ORA 600 [kcbzwfcro_2]' was flood controlled (0x2) (incident: 193749)

*** 2020-02-08 03:05:49.294
*** SESSION ID:(3709.435) 2020-02-08 03:05:49.294
*** SERVICE NAME:(SYS$BACKGROUND) 2020-02-08 03:05:49.294
 
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [kcbzwfcro_2], [136046], [1], [32768], [0], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Potentially stale force-CR-override buffer found before OBJD MISMATCH check.
This issue should be investigated by both cache fusion and space layer.
BH (0x132f60d8d8) file#: 15 rdba: 0x03c01ae3 (15/6883) class: 1 ba: 0x132e6be000
  set: 75 pool: 3 bsz: 8192 bsi: 0 sflg: 1 pwc: 0,3
  dbwrid: 2 obj: 136046 objn: 136046 tsn: 10 afn: 15 hint: f
  hash: [0x164ee2ecd0,0xe6f484db0] lru: [0xf1f515308,0xf1f51b968]
  ckptq: [NULL] fileq: [NULL] objq: [0x106f19fe10,0x12cec34f10] objaq: [0xf2f496400,0xf2f473b80]
  st: XCURRENT md: NULL fpin: 'kdgwh05: kdglfe' tch: 0 le: 0x3afe991a8
  flags: block_written_once redo_since_read remote_transfered
          force_cr_override
  LRBA: [0x0.0.0] LSCN: [0x0.0] HSCN: [0xffff.ffffffff] HSUB: [1]
GLOBAL CACHE ELEMENT DUMP (address: 0x3afe991a8):
  id1: 0x1ae3 id2: 0xf pkey: OBJ#136046 block: (15/6883)
  lock: X rls: 0x0 acq: 0x0 latch: 23
  flags: 0x20 fair: 0 recovery: 0 fpin: 'kdgwh05: kdglfe'
  bscn: 0x0.1c9bcdb5 bctx: (nil) write: 0 scan: 0x0 
  lcp: (nil) lnk: [NULL] lch: [0x132f60da10,0x132f60da10]
  seq: 72 hist: 113 238 180 113 238 180 113 238 180 113 238 180 113 238 180 113
    238 180 113 238
  LIST OF BUFFERS LINKED TO THIS GLOBAL CACHE ELEMENT:
    flg: 0x0a200000 sflg: 0x2000 state: XCURRENT tsn: 10 tsh: 0
      addr: 0x132f60d8d8 obj: 136046 cls: DATA bscn: 0x0.1c9bcdb5
  buffer tsn: 10 rdba: 0x03c01ae3 (15/6883)
  scn: 0x0000.1c9bcdb5 seq: 0x01 flg: 0x04 tail: 0xcdb50601
  frmt: 0x02 chkval: 0x84e4 type: 0x06=trans data
堆栈信息:
----- Call Stack Trace -----
calling              call     entry                argument values in hex      
location             type     point                (? means dubious value)     
-------------------- -------- -------------------- ----------------------------
skdstdst()+41        call     kgdsdst()            000000000 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B56F90 ? 7FFDF8B57068 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B5BB10 ? 000000002 ?
ksedst1()+103        call     skdstdst()           000000000 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B56F90 ? 7FFDF8B57068 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B5BB10 ? 000000002 ?
ksedst()+39          call     ksedst1()            000000000 ? 000000001 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B56F90 ? 7FFDF8B57068 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B5BB10 ? 000000002 ?
dbkedDefDump()+2746  call     ksedst()             000000000 ? 000000001 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B56F90 ? 7FFDF8B57068 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B5BB10 ? 000000002 ?
ksedmp()+41          call     dbkedDefDump()       000000003 ? 000000002 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B56F90 ? 7FFDF8B57068 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B5BB10 ? 000000002 ?
ksfdmp()+69          call     ksedmp()             000000003 ? 000000002 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B56F90 ? 7FFDF8B57068 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B5BB10 ? 000000002 ?
dbgexPhaseII()+1764  call     ksfdmp()             000000003 ? 000000002 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B56F90 ? 7FFDF8B57068 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B5BB10 ? 000000002 ?
dbgexExplicitEndInc  call     dbgexPhaseII()       7F96E5CAD730 ? 7F96E5CB4700 ?
()+755                                             7FFDF8B5FDA8 ? 7FFDF8B57068 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B5BB10 ? 000000002 ?
dbgeEndDDEInvocatio  call     dbgexExplicitEndInc  7F96E5CAD730 ? 7F96E5CB4700 ?
nImpl()+769                   ()                   7FFDF8B5FDA8 ? 7FFDF8B57068 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B5BB10 ? 000000002 ?
dbgeEndSpltInvokOnR  call     dbgeEndDDEInvocatio  7F96E5CAD730 ? 7F96E5CB4700 ?
ec()+270                      nImpl()              7FFDF8B5FDA8 ? 7FFDF8B57068 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B5BB10 ? 000000002 ?
dbgePostErrorKGE()+  call     dbgeEndSpltInvokOnR  7F96E5CAD730 ? 7F96E5CB4700 ?
257                           ec()                 7FFDF8B5FDA8 ? 7FFDF8B57068 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B5BB10 ? 000000002 ?
dbkePostKGE_kgsf()+  call     dbgePostErrorKGE()   00C113DA0 ? 7F96E5CBCCC0 ?
71                                                 000002894 ? 7FFDF8B57068 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B5BB10 ? 000000002 ?
kgeselv()+276        call     dbkePostKGE_kgsf()   00C113DA0 ? 7F96E5CBCCC0 ?
                                                   000002894 ? 7FFDF8B57068 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B5BB10 ? 000000002 ?
ksesecl0()+162       call     kgeselv()            00C113DA0 ? 7F96E5CBCCC0 ?
                                                   000002894 ? 7FFDF8B57068 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B5BB10 ? 000000000 ?
ksucin()+147         call     ksesecl0()           00C113DA0 ? 7F96E5CBCCC0 ?
                                                   000002894 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   0000000B0 ? 000000000 ?
krr_thread_read()+8  call     ksucin()             00C113DA0 ? 7F96E5CBCCC0 ?
067                                                000002894 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   0000000B0 ? 000000000 ?
krr_read_buffer()+2  call     krr_thread_read()    7F96E42A0888 ? 000000002 ?
8                                                  000000000 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B615A0 ? 7FFDF8B615A4 ?
krr_parse_redo()+12  call     krr_read_buffer()    7F96E42A0888 ? 000000002 ?
512                                                000000000 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B615A0 ? 7FFDF8B615A4 ?
kcra_scan_redo()+11  call     krr_parse_redo()     7F96E42A0888 ? 000000002 ?
867                                                000000000 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 7FFDF8B615A4 ?
kcra_dump_redo()+21  call     kcra_scan_redo()     7FFDF8B64560 ? 000000001 ?
04                                                 7FFDF8B640CC ? 000000000 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 7FFDF8B615A4 ?
kcra_dump_redo_inte  call     kcra_dump_redo()     7FFDF8B64560 ? 000000001 ?
rnal()+3362                                        7FFDF8B640CC ? 000000000 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 7FFDF8B615A4 ?
kcbzwfcro()+997      call     kcra_dump_redo_inte  7FFDF8B64C40 ? 7FFDF8B64C44 ?
                              rnal()               7FFDF8B64C48 ? 000000001 ?
                                                   1300000000 ? 1F00000000 ?
kcbgcur()+10141      call     kcbzwfcro()          132F60D8D8 ? 7FFDF8B685B0 ?
                                                   1F3953EC68 ? 000000001 ?
                                                   1300000000 ? 1F00000000 ?
ktbgcur()+123        call     kcbgcur()            7FFDF8B685B0 ? 000000002 ?
                                                   0000003C5 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   1300000000 ? 1F00000000 ?
kturGetCurPinForUnd  call     ktbgcur()            7FFDF8B685A0 ? 000000002 ?
o()+264                                            0000003C5 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   1300000000 ? 1F00000000 ?
kdiulk()+16575       call     kturGetCurPinForUnd  7FFDF8B685A0 ? 000000002 ?
                              o()                  0000003C5 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   0063CDCD8 ? 1F00000000 ?
kcoubk()+366         call     kdiulk()             7F96E5CC0E10 ? 18A5AF8518 ?
                                                   000000004 ? 000000080 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 1F00000000 ?
ktprundo_intra()+10  call     kcoubk()             7FFDF8B6874C ? 7F96E5CC0E10 ?
73                                                 18A5AF8518 ? 000000004 ?
                                                   000000080 ? 000000000 ?
ktprits()+1218       call     ktprundo_intra()     18A5620EA0 ? 18AD9DA7D0 ?
                                                   18A5AF8518 ? 000000004 ?
                                                   000000080 ? 000000000 ?
ktprmai()+213        call     ktprits()            7FFDF8B68A40 ? 18AD9DA7D0 ?
                                                   18A5AF8518 ? 000000004 ?
                                                   000000080 ? 000000000 ?
kxfprdp()+1466       call     ktprmai()            7FFDF8B68A40 ? 18AD9DA7D0 ?
                                                   18A5AF8518 ? 000000004 ?
                                                   000000080 ? 000000000 ?
opirip()+913         call     kxfprdp()            7FFDF8B68A40 ? 18AD9DA7D0 ?
                                                   1F4D61F8A0 ? 000000004 ?
                                                   000000080 ? 000000000 ?
opidrv()+603         call     opirip()             000000032 ? 000000004 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B69FE8 ? 000000004 ?
                                                   000000080 ? 000000000 ?
sou2o()+103          call     opidrv()             000000032 ? 000000004 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B69FE8 ? 000000004 ?
                                                   000000080 ? 000000000 ?
opimai_real()+250    call     sou2o()              7FFDF8B69FC0 ? 000000032 ?
                                                   000000004 ? 7FFDF8B69FE8 ?
                                                   000000080 ? 000000000 ?
ssthrdmain()+265     call     opimai_real()        000000000 ? 7FFDF8B6A1B0 ?
                                                   000000004 ? 7FFDF8B69FE8 ?
                                                   000000080 ? 000000000 ?
main()+201           call     ssthrdmain()         000000003 ? 7FFDF8B6A1B0 ?
                                                   000000001 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   000000080 ? 000000000 ?
__libc_start_main()  call     main()               000000003 ? 7FFDF8B6A350 ?
+253                                               000000001 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   000000080 ? 000000000 ?
_start()+41          call     __libc_start_main()  000A2A344 ? 000000001 ?
                                                   7FFDF8B6A348 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   000000080 ? 000000000 ?

根据trace文件,似乎与RAC间CR Block传输覆盖版本冲突有关:Potentially stale force-CR-override buffer found before OBJD MISMATCH check.

带着疑惑搜寻Mos(Oracle Support)后,确认此问题为Bug导致(ORA-600:[kcbzwfcro_2] Reported in Alert.log (Doc ID 2085507.1)

故障现象,Call Stack信息基本一致,并且Oracle给予了Workround

_gc_override_force_cr参数简单解释:if TRUE, try to override force-cr requests,在Undo header中会标识这个CR块是否为force_cr_override的flag,但是这个代表何意没有找到具体的官方解释,猜测是在节点间传输时本地CR与远程CR校验时出现错误,本地与远程均认为自己是最新版本CR。本次故障找到原因,但是此参数的含义还有继续找寻资料确认。

DataGuard 切换流程梳理(一)-Broker switchover

近期手头有 一项重要工作便是重新梳理Dataguard切换流程与注意事项,以便团队在数据库应急时更加熟练从容的进行容灾切换,主要分为四部分:

1.Broker Switcher

2.Broker Failover

3.命令行 switcher over

4.命令行Failover

5.命令行Failover怎样保证数据不丢失

一.操作前准备

操作前首先要确认主备库的ip、tnsnames、主备库的DB_UNIQUE_NAME、主备库目前DG配置状态,日志同步状态,主备库连接Process数,应用SERVICE处理、SERVICE在监听上注册情况等。检查点比较多,极有可能存在应急操作前没有足够的时间去确保各项检查点的正确性,所以这里罗列出来是为了提醒用途,DG切换成功与否需要以上检查内容的保证。

1.1 确认主备库的tnsnames与ip

主库
IP:181.208
机器名:liangce-ora
DB_UNQIUE_NAME:ORALIANGCE

备库
181.209
机器名:liangcestd-ora
DB_UNIQUE_NAME:ORALIANGCEstd

登录主备库确认$ORACLE_HOME/network/admin目录确认tnsnames.ora文件中的内容,确认ip对应的连接串是否如主库、备库配置如预期,并且tns别名中的配置信息进行DB_UNIQUE_NAME确认

1.2 确认主备库的process配置

为什么要确认此项配置?因为会存在主库多节点RAC+DG单机的情况,也就是说是否存在备库的单机process连接数足够承载RAC多节点的应用连接?

1.3 应用SERVICE处理

我们目前应用SERVICE只注册在主库上,并且应用目前使用的连接串是有DG配置的,如果在切换后主库不处理应用SERVICE,会导致ORA-O1033错误,详情请见早起文章:《中秋节快乐–中秋节前DataGuard切换演练产生问题》

备库:
SQL> show parameter service;

NAME                      TYPE        VALUE
---------------------- ----------- ------------------------------
service_names             string      ORALIANGCE,dbaas

SQL> alter system set service_names='ORALIANGCE,dbaas,Albert';

System altered.

SQL> show parameter service;

NAME                       TYPE        VALUE
----------------------- ----------- ------------------------------
service_names               string      ORALIANGCE,dbaas,Albert



主库:
SQL> show parameter service; 

NAME                        TYPE        VALUE
------------------------- ----------- ------------------------------
service_names               string      ORALIANGCE,dbaas,Albert

SQL> alter system set service_names='ORALIANGCE,dbaas';

System altered.

SQL> show parameter service;

NAME                          TYPE        VALUE
--------------------------- ----------- ------------------------------
service_names                  string      ORALIANGCE,dbaas

1.4 主备库配置,同步传输确认

主库上执行:

select thread#,
       DB_UNIQUE_NAME,
       DEST_NAME,
       TARGET,
       DATABASE_MODE,
       error,
       RECOVERY_MODE,
       GAP_STATUS,
       APPLIED_SEQ#,
       current_scn,
       applied_scn,
       to_char((scn_to_timestamp(current_scn)),'yyyymmdd hh24:mi:ss') current_scn_time,
       to_char((scn_to_timestamp(applied_scn)),'yyyymmdd hh24:mi:ss') applied_scn_time,
       scn_to_timestamp(current_scn)- scn_to_timestamp(current_scn) as delay_time
  from (SELECT al.thread#,
               ads.dest_id,
               ads.DEST_NAME,
               ads.TYPE || ' ' || ad.TARGET TARGET,
               ADS.DATABASE_MODE,
               ads.STATUS,
               ads.error,
               ads.RECOVERY_MODE,
               ads.DB_UNIQUE_NAME,
               ads.DESTINATION,
               ads.GAP_STATUS,
               (SELECT sequence#
                  FROM v$log na
                 WHERE na.thread# = al.thread#
                   and status = 'CURRENT') Current_Seq#,
               Last_Archived,
               al.APPLIED_SEQ#,
               ad.applied_scn,
               current_scn
          FROM (SELECT dest_id,
                       thread#,
                       d.current_scn,
                       MAX(sequence#) Last_Archived,
                       max(CASE
                             WHEN APPLIED = 'YES' THEN
                              sequence#
                           end) APPLIED_SEQ#
                  FROM v$archived_log V, v$database d
                 WHERE V.resetlogs_change# = d.RESETLOGS_CHANGE#
                 group by dest_id, thread#, d.current_scn) al,
               v$archive_dest_status ads,
               v$archive_dest AD
         WHERE al.dest_id(+) = ads.dest_id 
           AND ads.STATUS != 'INACTIVE'
           AND AD.DEST_ID = ADS.DEST_ID and ad.APPLIED_SCN <> 0
         ORDER BY al.thread#, ads.dest_id)
在主库上执行即可,可以确认主备库的一些基本配置与Current SCN,Applied SCN,Delay_time等

主库上执行:

[ora11g@~]$ dgmgrl
DGMGRL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production

Copyright (c) 2000, 2009, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Welcome to DGMGRL, type "help" for information.
DGMGRL> connect sys
Password:
Connected.
DGMGRL> show configuration 

Configuration - DG_Config

  Protection Mode: MaxPerformance
  Databases:
    ORALIANGCE    - Primary database
    ORALIANGCEstd - Physical standby database

Fast-Start Failover: DISABLED

Configuration Status:
SUCCESS


2、查看主备库数据传输是否异常
DGMGRL> 
DGMGRL> show database ORALIANGCEstd  

Database - ORALIANGCEstd

  Role:            PHYSICAL STANDBY
  Intended State:  APPLY-ON
  Transport Lag:   0 seconds (computed 1 second ago)
  Apply Lag:       0 seconds (computed 1 second ago)
  Apply Rate:      13.00 KByte/s
  Real Time Query: ON
  Instance(s):
    ORALIANGCE

Database Status:
SUCCESS

备库中的Transport Lag,Apply Lag是否正常

1.5 broker switcher切换

[ora11g@]$ dgmgrl
DGMGRL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production

Copyright (c) 2000, 2009, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Welcome to DGMGRL, type "help" for information.
DGMGRL> connect sys
Password:
Connected.
DGMGRL> switchover to ORALIANGCEstd
Performing switchover NOW, please wait...
Operation requires a connection to instance "ORALIANGCE" on database "ORALIANGCEstd"
Connecting to instance "ORALIANGCE"...
Connected.
New primary database "ORALIANGCEstd" is opening...
Operation requires startup of instance "ORALIANGCE" on database "ORALIANGCE"
Starting instance "ORALIANGCE"...
ORACLE instance started.
Database mounted.
Database opened.
Switchover succeeded, new primary is "ORALIANGCEstd"
DGMGRL>

Broker会帮助你封装主备库实例启停,DG角色切换等命令

1.6 切换后检查

1.如RAC-RAC间切换,需要检查RAC各个节点是否启动

2.主备库数据字典检查
新主库:
SQL> select name,db_unique_name,database_role,open_mode from v$database;

NAME      DB_UNIQUE_NAME                 DATABASE_ROLE    OPEN_MODE
--------- ------------------------------ ---------------- --------------------
ORALIANGCE  ORALIANGCE                       PHYSICAL STANDBY READ ONLY WITH APPLY 

新备库:
SQL> select name,db_unique_name,database_role,open_mode from v$database;

SQL> set linesize 200 
SQL> select process,status,client_process,thread#,sequence#,block#,active_agents,known_agents from gv$managed_standby where process in ('LNS','RFS','MRP0') and  THREAD# <> 0;

PROCESS   STATUS       CLIENT_P    THREAD#  SEQUENCE#     BLOCK# ACTIVE_AGENTS KNOWN_AGENTS
--------- ------------ -------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ------------- ------------
RFS       IDLE         LGWR              1       6864        469             0            0
MRP0      APPLYING_LOG N/A               1       6864        469             5            5

3.alert日志检查:需要仔细检查主备库的alert日志中有无其他ORA报错,如使用HugePage,需要确认HugePage是否正确。

4.应用SERVICE监听注册情况

一则Bug导致数据库All Database Sessions Hang

春节前夕,一套核心交易系统出现短时间夯死的状况出现(后台数据库版本信息:Oracle 11.2.0.4 RAC 2节点,Linux X86服务器),活动会话数又飙升至近300+

20200127-1如上图所示,数据库从1月19日 09:34分左右开始,活动会话逐渐攀升,数据库在当时存在大量等待事件log file switch (checkpoint not complete),排查了硬件IO链路、应用事务量均正常,还是要在数据库软件层面进行分析。

    可以看到当时数据库活动会话概览,这些在等待log file switch (checkpoint incomplete)的会话均被节点2的1369会话所阻塞。

20200127-2

那么2节点的1369会话这时在干些什么?从ASH中看到,1369会话(LGWR)正在读取控制文件,等待事件为control file sequential read,但是这个动作是很快的动作,理论上不应该造成长时间的阻塞。

20200127-3

当时的DIAG进程做的HANGANALYZE中我们可以看到如下的Chain关系,开始试图找寻是否是Bug引起,因为种种客观现象实在是有悖常理,无法从原理上解释

20200127-4

从Oracle Mos上找寻相关Bug描述,果然有一个刚刚发布不久的Bug:

Bug 29635990 – All Database Sessions Hang Due To Checkpoint Incomplete (Doc ID
29635990.8)
20200127-5

但是这个Bug并未标注影响版本范围,但是和本次故障现象基本一致,遗憾的是并没有相关的Workrond并且此Bug只能在12.2版本中有相关Patch进行修复。

为了规避此问题的再次爆发,我们在数据库中设置了一个Job进行规避,调度时间按照redo 所有group#均变为ACTIVE且准备进行覆盖的时间周期,本系统为5分钟。

declare
jobno number;
begin dbms_job.submit(
jobno,
'begin
 execute immediate ''alter system checkpoint'';
end;',
sysdate,
'sysdate + 5/1440');
commit;
end;
/

每5分钟进行强制全量检查点,避免数据库再次产生log file switch (checkpoint not complete)的现象,从而导致产生更大数据库夯死风险。